Vedanta Philosophy of
Jagadguru Nimbarkacharya (1100 CE) established the philosophy of dvait-advaita vedanta
or nondual-dualism, a form of bhakti (devotion). He made the distinction that although the
soul is one with God, it is also simultaneously separate from God.
He stated that God is both the cause and the substance of creation. For example, even
though a lump of gold and gold earrings are the same substance, a difference remains between them.
Thus the soul (called the "enjoyer") and Maya (in the form of the world that is "enjoyed")
are subordinate to God. There is no difference between them and God, yet they also have
contrary characteristics, thus some differences do exist.
Considering himself to be a servant and God to be his Master, a soul should practice
bhakti so that he could attain liberation and supreme bliss.
Nimbarkacharya stated that God is all-powerful and His personal form is His main form.
Even though God manifests Himself in the form of this world, He remains unchanged --
beyond the creation and beyond the qualities of Maya. The creation, maintenance and
destruction of the universe are related to Him.
The soul is a fraction of God, so it is eternal. The purpose of creation is for the
soul to receive God's grace and realize Him. In fact, freedom from sorrow and the
attainment of supreme divine bliss is possible only through God realization. This
happens only through bhakti (devotion).
Although God has two aspects (formless and with form), the soul's ultimate spiritual
welfare is only accomplished through devotion to the personal form of God. He introduced
selfless, wholehearted devotion to Radha Krishna.
When a soul develops a desire for God through performing good actions, and hearing
and singing God's divine names, virtues and leelas, he could surrender to a God
realized Saint (Guru). When a soul follows the devotional path taught by a true Saint,
when his heart and mind are completely purified, Divine love manifests in his mind.
This is the direct cause of his God realization, through which he becomes divinely